Nebulizer Use

Document created by kbass on Dec 28, 2016Last modified by mbrajuha on Mar 13, 2017
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The nebulizer unit delivers medicine directly to your lungs to help you breathe easier. Nebulizers change medication into a fine mist and provide relief for shortness of breath.


Supplies you will need

  • Nebulizer unit
  • Nebulizer set
  • Prescribed medication


What to do

  • Explain to the patient what you are going to do, even if you are unsure whether they can hear.
  • Wash your hands before preparing the medicine.
  • Unscrew the medicine cap and pour the medicine into the bottom of the cup or nebulizer chamber.
  • Attach the T piece to the top of the cup.
  • Place the mouthpiece on one end of the T piece and the tubing on the other end of the T piece.
  • Attach tubing to the machine and the other end to the bottom or side of the medicine cup.
  • Place the patient in an upright or sitting position or raise the head of the bed.
  • Turn the machine on.
  • Have the patient breathe as normally as possible until all the medicine in the cup is gone. (You may need to shake it occasionally to get all the medicine nebulized.)
  • Clean the mouthpiece with hot soapy water and rinse. Place the equipment in a plastic bag to keep dust-free.



Adapted from: The Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice (10th ed.) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013.


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