BiPAP/CPAP Operating Instructions

Document created by tfreiberg Employee on Dec 27, 2016Last modified by mcunningham on Mar 22, 2017
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Both CPAP and BiPAP therapies use Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) to treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) or to assist in patient ventilation.


Supplies you will need

  • BiPAP/CPAP machine
  • Mask or nasal pillows
  • Headgear
  • Tubing
  • Humidifier (if prescribed)


Operating your equipment

The following instructions will help you operate your unit.


Step 1: Place the CPAP/bi-level unit on a sturdy surface.

  • Select a location near the bedside, on a nightstand or dresser.
  • Make sure there is air circulation around the unit and that the air inlet is not blocked by bedclothes, curtains or furniture.
  • Do not place the unit near a heat source.
  • Do not place the unit on a pad or carpet that could obstruct the flow of air around or underneath the unit.
  • If you are using a room humidifier, make certain it is placed at least six feet away from your CPAP/bi-level unit.


Step 2: If the AC power cord is not permanently attached to your unit, plug its female end into the AC power inlet on the back of the unit. Plug the other end of the cord into an appropriate electrical power outlet.

  • Do not use an extension cord with your unit.
  • Do not plug the unit into an outlet that has other major appliances plugged into it.


Step 3: Connect your tubing to the air outlet on the CPAP or bi-level unit.


Step 4: Assemble and fit your nasal mask or nasal pillow circuit as instructed on the following pages. Keep the unit turned OFF until you have completely put on and secured the nasal mask or nasal pillows and headgear.


Assembling Your Headgear

Follow these steps for assembling and fitting the nasal mask circuit:


Step 1: Arrange the headgear so the longer straps are at the top.


Step 2: With the Velcro facing out, away from your face, thread the four tabs through the top and side slots of the mask. Pull the straps through and fasten by pressing the Velcro back against the strap.


Step 3: Place the mask over your nose and slide the headgear over your head.


Do not block the exhalation port on your nasal mask circuit. The exhalation port may be located at the base of your mask or in a special attachment between your mask and tubing.


Helpful Hints

  • For ease in future adjustments, you may wish to use permanent ink to mark the straps at the final strap position.
  • Washing your face to remove excess facial oils will help to achieve a leak-free fit and prolong the useful life of the mask.


Final Assembly

Follow these steps to connect the circuit to your CPAP or bi-level unit:


Step 1: Connect the tubing to your nasal mask.

  • If you are using a nasal pillow circuit, your tubing is already attached.
  • Adjust the tubing so that it will not pull on the mask or nasal pillow circuit when you lie down.


Step 2: Press the power switch to ON.

The unit will automatically deliver your prescribed pressure level. Make sure that no air is leaking out of your mask or nasal pillows. If it is, readjust your mask or nasal pillows and headgear.


Step 3: Relax and take slow deep breaths through your nose.


If you need to get up during the night, press the power switch to OFF and disconnect the tubing from the nasal mask or nasal pillow assembly, leaving the mask or nasal pillows and headgear on your head. Reattach the tubing when you return to bed and press the power switch to ON.


If you wish to remove the headgear and mask or nasal pillows, it may be easiest to unhook or loosen only one of the bottom straps to remove the headgear in a quick one-step fashion.


Step 5: In the morning, clean your mask or pillows. Daily cleaning is recommended. Refer to the equipment-cleaning sheet for detailed instructions.